It is in the tropical zones where the most propitious characteristics for the culture of the coffee meet. The coffee plantation demands a warm and humid climate, to constant temperatures. The temperatures average are located between the 20 and the 23 degrees Celsius and the precipitations vary between 1500 mm and 1800 mm per year.
The plantations are located in the mountain or plateaus for the arábica, or plains or plains for the Robust one.
The dimension of the operations is very variable (from the small farm to a great property). The coffee plantation coffee plantation is known him like “ ”. The used seeds are the grains of cerisa, still covered of their parchment.
The germination takes place at the beginning of the tenth week. The youngest plants put in conservatories. Ten months later, since they reach 30 cms, are buried with a space between and others of 2 to 5 meters.
Normally to bury the coffee plantations a cloudy and rainy day is chosen: the humidity allows to a better contact between the Earth and the roots. The most favorable time for the plantations is the beginning of the time of rains.
The culture of the coffee needs constant cares and a particular maintenance. In order to favor the growth of the coffee plants it is necessary to clear the grass, to carve the shrubs, to enrich the ground with compostas, to irrigate the barren regions and to treat against the insects and the diseases (roña, the pudrimiento by roots).
A plantation gives between 1000 and 4000 kilos of coffee by hectare.